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MC34702 Datasheet(Scheda tecnica) 32 Page - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc

Numero della parte MC34702
Dettagli  3.0A Switch-Mode Power Supply with Linear Regulator
Download  39 Pages
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Produttore  FREESCALE [Freescale Semiconductor, Inc]

MC34702 Datasheet(HTML) 32 Page - Freescale Semiconductor, Inc

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Analog Integrated Circuit Device Data
Freescale Semiconductor
Linear Regulator Current Limit
As described in the Linear Regulator Functional
Description section, the current limit of the linear regulator
can be adjusted by means of an external current sense
resistor RS. The voltage drop caused by the regulator output
current flowing through the current sense resistor RS is
sensed between the LDO and the CS pins. When the sensed
voltage exceeds 50mV (typical), the current limit timer starts
to time out while the control circuit limits the output current. If
the over-current condition lasts for more than 10ms, the linear
regulator is shut off and turned on again after 100ms. This
type of operation provides equivalent protection to the analog
“current foldback” operation.
It is important to keep in mind that the amount of capacitive
load which can be supplied by the by the linear regulator is
limited by the setting of the LDO current limit. During the
power-up period, the linear regulator operates in the current
limit, supplying the current into the load of the LDO, which
includes all the capacitors connected to the regulator output.
If the total amount load is so large that the regulator could not
reach its regulation voltage in 10ms during the power-up, it
turns off and tries to power up again after 100ms. This
situation may lead to the power-up oscillations.
Linear Regulator External MOSFET
The linear regulator uses an external N-channel power
MOSFET to provide a pass element for the power path. The
selection of the proper type of the external power MOSFET is
critical for optimum performance and safe operation of the
linear regulator.
The power MOSFET’s threshold voltage, RDS(ON), gate
charge, capacitances and transconductance are important
parameters for the stable operation of the linear regulator
while the package of the power MOSFET determines the
maximum power dissipation, and hence the maximum output
current for the required input-to-output voltage drop. The
power dissipation of the external MOSFET can be calculated
from the simple formula:
Where PD(Q) is the power MOSFET power dissipation
VIN is the LDO input voltage,
VLDO is the LDO output voltage,
ILDO is the LDO output load current.
Table 10 shows the recommended power MOSFET types
for the 34702 linear regulator, their typical power dissipation,
and thermal resistance junction-to-case.
NOTE: Freescale does not assume liability, endorse, or warrant
components from external manufacturers referenced in figures
or tables. Although Freescale offers component
recommendations, it is the customer’s responsibility to validate
their application.
*When mounted to an FR4 using 0.5 drain pad size
The maximum power dissipation is limited by the
maximum operating junction temperature TJMAX. The allowed
power dissipation in the given application can be calculated
from the following expression:
Where PD(Q)max is the power MOSFET maximum
allowed dissipation,
TJMAX is the power MOSFET maximum operating
junction temperature,
TA is the ambient temperature,
RthJC is the power MOSFET thermal resistance
RthCB is the thermal resistance case-to-board,
RthBA is the thermal resistance board-to-ambient of
the PC board.
PCB Layout Considerations
As with any power application, the proper PCB layout
plays a critical role in the overall power regulator
performance. While good careful printed circuit board layout
significantly improves regulation parameters and
electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) performance of the
switching regulator, poor layout practices can lead not only to
significant degradation of regulation and EMC parameters
but even to total dysfunction of the whole regulator IC.
Extreme care should be taken when laying out the ground
of the regulator circuit. In order to avoid any inductive or
capacitive coupling of the switching regulator noise into the
sensitive analog control circuits, the noisy power ground and
the clean quiet signal ground should be well separated on the
printed circuit board, and connected only at one connection
point. The power routing should be made by heavy traces or
areas of copper. The power path and its return should be
placed, if possible, atop each other on the different layers or
opposite sides of the PC board. The switching regulator input
and output capacitors should be physically placed very close
to the power pins (VIN2, SW, PGND) of the 34702 switching
regulator; and their ground pins, together with the 34702
power ground pins (PGND), should be connected by a single
island of the power ground copper to create the “single-point”
grounding. Figure 32 illustrates the 34702 switching regulator
grounding concept. The bootstrap capacitor Cb should be
tightly connected to the integrated circuit as well.
Table 10. Recommended Power MOSFETs
Part No.
Typ. P

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